Robotics in CBK PAN – Penetrator HEEP

Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences (CBK PAN) has been involved in the development of space penetrators since 1997. The Institute has a lot of experience in developing hammering penetrators, including the flight models of MUPUS for ESA Rosetta mission and CHOMIK for the Russian Phobos-Grunt mission.

Currently Space Mechatronics and Robotics Laboratory is developing an entirely new penetrator called HEEP (High Energy and Efficiency Penetrator), which is several times stronger than any previously developed electromagnetic penetrator.

Last Updated on Monday, 06 May 2013 13:02
Robotics in SRC PAS - LEMUR
Written by Rafał Przybyła   
Space agencies and companies work on the program of sending into the orbit autonomous servicing satellites, which could repair  damaged commercial satellites. In October 2011 Space Mechatronics and Robotics Laboratory started the project "Design and construction of a prototype of the manipulator as a key component of the satellite orbit servicing system" implemented under the LEADER II program of National Centre for Research and Development. LEMUR, the name of the project was chosen by voting of the project team members.
Last Updated on Thursday, 25 April 2013 10:01

“The bright ideas of scientists have to be matched by the creativity of engineers and very high management standards”

The Space Research Centre is an interdisciplinary research institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, established to conduct scientific research and activities in order to develop the space industry in Poland.

Our mission is the development and dissemination of space activities, which might help our country in achieving the image of the state actively involved in space research at world level and the creation of satellite technologies.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 07 November 2012 12:19
- 20 September:the Polish Academy of Sciences Presidium establishes the Space Research Centre

- 1 February: the Space Research Centre officially begins its activity.
The scientific staff is a combination of small research groups from the Institute of Geophysics, the Astronomical Observatory of Warsaw University, the Warsaw University of Technology and the Institute of Mathematical Machines. The Centre  also includes the Astronomical Observatory in Borowiec (now the Astrogeodynamic Observatory) near Poznań and the Wrocław Heliophysics Labolatory of the PAS Institute of Astronomy (now the Solar Physics Division.)
Last Updated on Wednesday, 07 November 2012 12:18

Our research

our research

In the beginning of this year, scientists from the Laboratory for Solar System Physics and Astrophysics of the Space Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (CBK PAN) developed a new model (see here) of the resonance radiation pressure acting on hydrogen atoms in the heliosphere.


Magnetic field strongly disturbs the motion of electrically charged particles in space but neutral atoms are insensitive to magnetic forces and consequently they move freely in all directions. This is true also for energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) in the heliosphere.


The smallest dust grains in the circumsolar dust cloud are the nanodust particles, i.e., the dust grains with the sizes of a few to a few tens millionth parts of millimeter. They are so small they include just several dozen thousands of atoms.


Interplanetary space is filled with magnetized plasma from the Sun (the solar wind) and interstellar gas, mainly hydrogen and helium, which continuously flows through the heliosphere. The interstellar atoms are ionized by extreme ultraviolet radiation and the solar wind. In result of ionization of the interstellar atoms, new ions in the solar wind are created.


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