The Solar Physics Division of the Space Research Centre won PAS-NASU competition!
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The research work: “Dynamic structure of energetic particles in the near Earth space” won special competition organized by the President of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS) and President of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU). This research was performed using meas-urements from Polish X-ray spectrophotometer SphinX and the Ukrainian Satellite Telescope of Electrons and Protons STEP-F. Both SphinX, and STEP-F instruments were operating onboard CORONAS - PHOTON satellite. Awarded also were joint works on development of further scientific experiment for interplanetary spacecraft “Interhelioprobe".

Last Updated on Thursday, 08 January 2015 18:06
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Rosetta: Scrutinizing the nucleus
News

The Rosetta spacecraft continues to move in close vicinity of the nucleus of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, and it has reached distances less than 10 kilometers from the surface. Images have been taken with an amazing resolution. Even so, it is not immediately clear what it is that we are seeing. This discussion is ongoing and will certainly continue for some time. Actually, even the large-scale features are sometimes hard to interpret, and this makes it difficult to reach conclusions about the most fundamental questions about the origin of the nucleus.

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Last Updated on Thursday, 30 October 2014 11:53
 
International Workshop EMSEV 2014 - Konstancin-Jeziorna, 22.09.2014
News

EMSEV is an IUGG Working Group supported by IAGA, IASPEI and IAVCEI. Its focuses are the observation and explanation of the various kinds of electromagnetic phenomena associated with seismic and volcanic activities particularly from a multi-disciplinary point of view.

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Rosetta: Rendezvous with the comet
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The Rosetta spacecraft has now been moving in an orbit around the nucleus of its target comet, 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, since several weeks. The orbit is very close – just a few tens of kilometers away – and different from the perfect ellipse that would result, if the target were regular and spherical. By contrast, the early pictures already showed that the overall shape of the nucleus is quite weird, and hence, Rosetta has to travel in a complex, distorted gravity field. But in spite of such difficulties, everything goes as planned, and as we shall now describe, the touchdown site for the Philae lander has been identified.

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Last Updated on Thursday, 25 September 2014 15:21
 
Rosetta: Closing in on the comet
News

The Rosetta spacecraft is now in the immediate vicinity of the comet nucleus to be explored, the one of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. This target will soon be mapped systematically, in great detail, as part of the preparations for the touchdown of the Philae lander, foreseen for November this year. However, the OSIRIS cameras have already delivered quite astounding pictures of the weird object, and we are as yet far from understanding exactly what we are looking at. Here are some examples of the riddles that have been posed and the scientists of the camera team are working on.

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 20 August 2014 10:04
 


Our research

our research

Sample return space missions are one of the possible options to extend our knowledge about extra-terrestrial materials, processes occurring on surface and subsurface level, as well as interactions between regolith and technology. Collection of surface or subsurface material from such bodies is a key technical process that needs to be performed to achieve the goals of such missions. Although in terrestrial environment the sampling process is relatively easy, smart solutions are needed for zero gravity, unknown and remotely accessible space environment.

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The interstellar gas in the Local Interstellar Cloud (LIC) surrounding the Sun is composed mainly of hydrogen and helium. But it contains also other chemical elements, among which the most abundant are oxygen and neon. The neutral atoms from the LIC flow into the heliosphere, where some of them are ionized and carried away with the solar wind as pick-up ions (PUIs), but some of them reach the Earth's orbit and distances even closer to the Sun. Underway, they are focused by solar gravity and form a characteristic, elongated patterns in density, with a cone of enhanced concentration at the downwind side of the Sun.

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The November issue of the prestigious science journal Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series presents results of investigations of interstellar matter in the immediate galactic neighborhood of the Sun, carried out by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) space probe. An important contribution to the findings presented in a series of 14 papers published in a special topical issue of ApJS was brought by a team of scientists from the Laboratory for Solar System Physics and Astrophysics of the Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences (Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN, CBK PAN), led by Dr. Maciej Bzowski.

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The issue of Science magazine, 23 January 2015, features four papers about the investigations made with the Rosetta OSIRIS scientific cameras and VIRTIS instruments. Three are co-authored by CBK PAN researcher, prof. Hans Rickman, who is a lead scientist within the OSIRIS team. The fourth paper refers to the results obtained in the experiment VIRTIS, in which dr. Maria I. Błęcka participates.

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