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The Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS PAS SRC) is the only institute in Poland whose activity is fully dedicated to the research into terrestrial space, the solar system and the Earth using space technology and satellite techniques.

The main activities of the PAS PAS SRCare:

• to carry out research based on the results of satellite experiments on space physics and physical and geodynamic processes on planets and on Earth,

• to participate in international space missions and research programs,

• to construct space instruments and satellite components for research purposes,

• to develop space technologies,

• to use satellite techniques for terrestrial applications related to telecommunications, navigation and Earth observation,

• to support the development of the Polish space industry through education, knowledge and technology transfer,

• to educate doctoral postgraduates and cooperate with universities,

• to promote space activities in Poland and worldwide,

• to provide expertise to the Polish government, parliament and local governments.

Since its foundation in 1977, research and engineering groups of the institute have set up over 60 instruments and participated in experiments of more than 50 space missions, such as: ESA’s missions CASSINI (research on the Saturn and its Titan moon), INTEGRAL (space laboratory of higher energy), MARS EXPRESS (Mars orbiter), ROSETTA (comet mission), VENUS-EXPRESS (Venus orbiter), HERSCHEL, Bepi Colombo (mission to Mercury), Roskosmos’s KORONAS-F, KORONAS –I, KORONAS-FOTON and Phobos-Grunt missions, and CNES’ DEMETER and TARANIS missions. Since 1991 it has cooperated with the European Space Agency (ESA). The SRC has also collaborated with NASA (IBEX mission and Chandrayaan mission).

Five main SRC’s research areas are:

• physics of the Sun (a division in Wrocław, Poland),

• study of planets and small solar system bodies,

• interplanetary space physics and astrophysics,

• plasma physics,

• planetary geodesy and geodynamics.

The Centre subsidiary near Poznań - the Astrogeodynamic Observatory in Borowiec is focused on laser observations of satellites. A geodetic GPS reference station is maintained there and it supports the Polish Time Scale.

In addition to small groups of engineers in the Solar Physics Division and Planetary Geodesy, there are four independent engineering teams of: electronic, optical, mechanical and radio spectrometers. As well as constructing instruments for missions, these teams develop new space technologies in areas such as FPGA systems, Fourier spectrometers, spectral imaging systems, planetary penetrometers or ionosondes and antennae.

New directions of the PAS PAS SRC’s activity include application of satellite techniques in monitoring the land surface and satellite observations of the EU boundary areas (GMES group), use of satellite navigation and Earth observation in crisis situations (PROTEUS group), or the creation of integrated applications and participation in European programs for warning and preventing risk of space weather. An important element here is the Regional Warning Centre of the International Space Environment Service.

The last big project of the Centre is construction of two scientific nanosatellites BRITE-PL in collaboration with the PAS Nicolas Copernicus Astronomical Centre and partners from Canada and Austria.

Intensive promotional activities of the PAS PAS SRCinclude participation in scientific picnics and festivals, annual organization of Warsaw Space Days, active participation in exhibitions, conferences and career fairs.

The Centre runs the Space Technology Platform and, in cooperation with the National Contact Office, holds brokerage meetings devoted to the EU 7th Framework Programme competitions in the thematic area "Space".

Specialists from the Centre support the Government in preparing the Space Sector Development Program in Poland, participating in numerous ministerial advisory bodies, and provide specific support to government representatives at the meetings of experts at the European Commission and the European Space Agency.

New scientific and engineering staff are educated in the PAS PAS SRCin a system comprising student practice,tutoring consultancy for master theses, and above all in the context of doctoral studies (since 2002, twenty people have received a doctorate degree).

Last Updated on Tuesday, 30 October 2012 13:49
 
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